EASTERN/JIJGA REFUGEE COORDINATION PROGRAM

  1. PROFILE OF REFUGEE CAMPS OF JIJIGA

Currently, there are three(3) refugee camps under Jijiga refugee operation. These are, Kebribeyah, Awbarre/Teferiber and Shedder refugee camps. Some basic profile information of each refugee camp is showed in the below table:-

Camp/Site Date of Establishment Location(Lon&Lat) Camp Area(in-hectare) Distance from Jijiga town Distance from AA D/ce from the boarder(Somalia&Somali-Land) Population size as of 26/01/20
Kebribeyah February, 1991 Lon: 43°10’36.69’’E

Lat: 9°6’6.15’’N

275 50km south of Jijiga town 680km 49 14,686
Awbarre June, 2007 Lon: 43°13’58.81’’E

Lat: 9°47’18.6’’N

208.125 78km of North-East 700km 12 12,002
Shedder May, 2008 Lon: 43°7’52.23’’E

Lat: 9°42’3.39’’N

200 53km North-East 690km 30 11,687
  1. Kebribeyah refugee camp is not only the oldest camp of jijiga zone but also the oldest camp in Ethiopia which was established by Feberuary,1991 initially to host returnees from Somali land due to  war and instability occurred in Somali Land as part of the struggle to resign Ziyad Barre Administration of Somalia and then due to the continuing pressure in Somali land the Darod Clan Somalian fled to Ethiopia and being hosted to kebribeyah  where the related Clan and cultural diversity existed in Ethiopia and the refugee population not exceeding 10,000 refugees of  majority Darod clans in the north and south central Somalia. Finally, Due to spontaneous return and voluntary repatriation conducted between 1997 to 2005 within the previously opened  camps, many Somali refugees  were returned to their country while some  Somali refugees who were not able to return to their country of origin due to protection threats being transported and relocated to  Kebribeyah refugee camp which  makes the camp population  increased to  12,000 individuals  and all these constitutes reasons of its establishment and  long existence till now. The first Revalidation exercise which was conducted by 2005 contribute for the camp population change due to the fact that acceptance of refugee claims for unregistered family members create a favorable condition for refugees to registered some local children as refugees by borrowing them from the local community and hence, the population figure after the revalidation became near to 17,000(estimated) and The population size after the second revalidation which was done in 2008 become 16500. The current population figure of kebribeyah refugee camp as of 26 January 2020 is 14,686(7515 female).
  2. PROFILE OF REFUGEES IN EACH CAMP
Current refugee population figure by camp& sex segregation
Camp Male Female  
Kebribeyah 7171 7515 14,686
Awbarre 5597 6405 12,002
Shedder 5441 6246 11,687
Total 18,209 20,166 38,375

Refugees who settled in the 3 camps of jijiga are Somalia refugees who fled their country of origin due to the unstable war situation caused by the terrorist group Al-shabab. The refugee community has strong cultural tide and clan sensitive which continually being the causes of conflict with one another and all refugees have followed Islamic religion. The majority clans are darod(37%), Hawiye(23-24%) ,Shekhal(8-9%) and then dirr(8.2%) and Raha-weyn(2.1%) and others constitute the minority clans.

The current main population change factor is natural factors (birth& death) since no new arrival or influx in jijiga operation and no new resettlement screening cases except for special protection issue and some refugees who screened before. Hence, the population figure didn’t show significant change within the year. For instance, the population figures by end of 2016 was 37,191 and the current total figure as of 27 January 2020 is 38,375 of which 52% are females.

3.Major Humanitarian Assistance Services, Protection and Development Works

     3.1Basic Humanitarian Assistance Service Delivered by ARRA

ARRA has been undertaken the major basic and social services like protection and camp security, Food distribution, Health& Nutrition, Environmental sanitation and Primary Education. More specifically, the following services are run by ARRA,

  • Protection and Legal services
  • Food & Cash distribution and CRI
  • Primary Health care, Nutrition, HIV/AIDS,
  • Environmental Health(Sanitation)
  • Water provision only in Kebribeyah camp
  • Primary Education.
  • Monitoring other implementing partners in refugee program.

ARRA established a strong coordination with the Ethio-Somali regional state where it hosts Somalia refugees and also with UNHCR, WFP and Other implementing partners. It has a good working relation and collaboration with the different bureaus of the Ethio-Somali regional state. For instance, we are working with the regional security bureau and police in security issues where refugees receive legal and court services. Beside the daily working relation and information sharing, Monthly task force meeting undertaken with involvement of all government security stakeholders including ARRA at regional level as well as refugee hosting kebele and woreda level. The regional heath bureau has provided vaccination, other material support and staff training for the 3 camps and working together with preventing of AWD and HIV/AIDS and the same relation has established with the woreda level Health offices.

ARRA and UNHCR coordinating the Monthly inter-agency meeting at jijiga and in all 3 camps with involvement of implementing partners in the 3 refugee camps where monthly progress evaluated, gaps identified and corrective measures or direction forwarded. Moreover, other coordination task force meetings like Education, SGBV, HIV/AIDS, ANTI-FGM, Child protection and others also smoothly conducted in monthly basis.

      3.2Basic Services provided by other Partners

  • Pre-School or Early Child care development and Secondary Level Education
  • Rehabilitation of people with disability by proving material assistance, appliances and others like wheelchairs etc. Day care centers for severe disability.
  • Environmental prevention and rehabilitation.
  • Gender based violence, child protection and child friendly space
  • Energy focusing on wood saving stoves production.
  • Water Provision in the 2 refugee camps(Awbarre and Shedder) including the host community.
  • Small skill business (pity trade, drip irrigation, barberry& beauty salon etc).

4.Implementing partners(Local/International), Development Actors and Others

ARRA as a government/ representatives provided basic and social service for all refugees in the camp and also some services to surrounding host communities.  Legal Assistance, Civil registration and documentation, Camp Management and coordination Protection, Sanitation and hygiene, Primary health, Reproductive health & HIV/AIDS, Food security and Nutrition, Water provision in KB camp and Primary Education in the three camps.

In addition to these different local and international NGOs provide basic and social services for refugees and host communities like IMC, RaDo, LWF, SEE, IRC, DICAC, DRC and Others. The following listed services provisions are the responsibilities of implementing partners:-  Risk of SGBV is reduced and quality of response improved, Protection of children strengthened, Operations management, coordination and support strengthened and optimized, Supply of potable water increased or maintained, Shelter and infrastructure established, improved and maintained, Services for persons with specific needs strengthened and Population lives in satisfactory conditions of sanitation and hygiene where the detail for each stated in the below table.

Name of Partner Current Sectors of involvement Funding Source Remark
ARRA
  •  Protection and Legal services
  • Food & Cash distribution and CRI
  • Primary Health care, Nutrition, HIV/AIDS,
  • Environmental Health(Sanitation)
  • Water provision only in Kebribeyah camp
  • Primary Education.
  • Monitoring other implementing partners in refugee program.
UNHCR Government Agency
DICAC
  • Early Child Care Development or ECCD.
  • Secondary Education (9-12).
  • Tertiary Education.
  • VST
UNHCR and GIZ(for Vocational skill training or VST) Local NGO
SEE
  • Environmental Rehabilitation(3 camps)
  • Shelter(Awbarre and Shedder)
UNHCR Local NGO
RADO
  • Assisting people with disabilities (PWDs).
  • SGBV
UNHCR Local NGO
IMC
  • Water(Awbarre&Shedder)

 

-UNHCR for WASH and International NGO
IRC
  • ECCE support for DICAC as operational partener
  • Child Protection
  • Small skill business
  •  Education& Wash support as member of the consortium for RDPP
-Mainly BPRM

-UNHCR for only ECCE&Child protection

International NGO
LWF
  • Small scale Livelihood(drip irrigation, Shopping& others)
BPRM budget International NGO
DRC
  • Protection and Energy(wood-saving stoves production only) as one component of RDPP
EU-trust fund International NGO
NRC
  •  It has been implemented the 5-year development project called HOPE at Kebribeyah only focusing on illegal movement through mass awareness raising and small business
Netherlands Ministry of foreign Affairs International NGO

5.Service Delivery Facilities/Centers (number, type& location)

S/no Types of Service Center Number Location/Site Remark
1 Health Centers 3 In all 3 refugee camps-Kebribeyah, Awbarre and Shedder Camps.(1health center/camp) It doesn’t include the HC in the nearby Local area
2 Primary Education 3 In all 3 refugee camps-Kebribeyah, Awbarre and Shedder Camps.(1 primary education/camp)
3 Secondary Education(G9-12) 3(1-refugee&2-Local) 1-Refugee secondary School in Shedder, 1-in Kebribeyah town and 1-in Awbarre tiwn) -refugees have their own 2ry Education at Shedder only but in other 2 camps-they attend their Education in the Local 2ry Schools.
4 ECCD(Early Child Care Development) or Pre-School 15 -Kebribeyah Refugee camp=7

-Awbarre R/Camp=4

-Shedder R/camp=4

No ECCD schools/Centers for the Local Community in all 3 camps locations
5 CFC(Child friendly space) 4 Kebribeyah=2, AW=SH=1
6 Day care centers for severe disable person/children 3 One in each refugee camp(Kebribeyah, Awbarre and Shedder)
7 Physiotrapy centers for people with disability 3 One in each refugee camp(Kebribeyah, Awbarre and Shedder)
8 GFD(general food distribution centers) 3 One in each refugee camp(Kebribeyah, Awbarre and Shedder)
9 Football field(stadium) 1 Shedder refugee camp
10 Child protection& SGBV service and counseling centres 3 One in each refugee camp(Kebribeyah, Awbarre and Shedder)
11 Other small service facility centers like satellite office for protection cases, water distribution points, offices for refugee committees and others are available in all 3 refugee camps

Remark: –

  • ARRA, UNHCR, SEE and IRC have their own buildings for  permanent office and staff residence facilities in all 3 refugee camps whereas other partners have temporary or rental facility in each camp.

Additional information: –

There are also some activities that considered to   be best practice on the context of jijiga refugee operation. These include the followings: –

  • Jijiga refugee operation/zone/ has a long stayed good experience of conducting environmental rehabilitation work, particularly soil conservation or terracing through mass mobilization of refugees and host communities in all 3 refugee camps that has been undertaken for the consecutive recent past years where the mass mobilization was done jointly with the local government(Note:- we will attach/send a representative Pictures/Photos of these mass mobilization environmental rehabilitation practices using the population without any budget. In addition to the soil conservation or terracing work, mass plantation also undertaken in similar way).
  • Among the various job creation or income generation effort for refugees& host community, The Small Entrepreneur cooperative established at kebribeyah(members includes 5-local&4-refugees females household) with Ethanol(household alternative energy) business-procure ethanol from sugar factory& sell to the population from well established containers at Kebribeyah show a significant progress by saving more than 300,000.00 birr at CBE and covering their basic needs. Even if the cooperative is small size, it can be considered as a good lesson to expand other job creation projects in various areas that can improve the life of the two populations.
  • The CRRF Coordination for a implementation can be taken as a good progress where the Woreda Level CRRF technical meeting and Zonal/Regional level String committee forum has been established and undertaken with the presence of ARRA, Regional& Woreda level Authorities and other development partners. Both levels of CRRF coordination forums has been coordinated, facilitated and chaired by ARRA and BOFED.

Jijiga (SomaliJigjigaArabic: جيجيغا‎) is a city in eastern Ethiopia and the capital of the Somali Region of the country. Located in the Jijiga Zone approximately 80 km (50 mi) east of Harar and 60 km (37 mi) west of the border with Somalia, the city has an elevation of 1,609 metres above sea level.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jijiga

Source: https://www.distancecalculator.net/

The distance between Addis Ababa and Jijiga is 588 km which equals 365 mile. This distance is 398 km (248 mile) by air.

Eastern region of our country is one of the areas where it hosted many Somalia refugees in seven different camps namely, Hartisheikh, Rabasso, Camaboker, Daror, Teferiber, Darwanaji and Aisha some years ago. Currently, Somalia refugees are settled around Jijiga in 3 refugee camps called Kebribeyah, Awbarre and Shedder .

ARRA is undertaking the major basic and social services like protection and camp security, Food distribution, Health& Nutrition, Environmental sanitation and Primary Education. More specifically, the following services are run by ARRA:

  • Protection and Legal services
  • Food & Cash distribution and CRI
  • Primary Health care, Nutrition, HIV/AIDS,
  • Environmental Health(Sanitation)
  • Water provision only in Kebribeyah camp
  • Primary Education.
  • Monitoring other implementing partners in refugee program.