Ethiopia is signatory to the UN Refugee Convention ratified in 1951, and is also a signatory to the refugee convention endorsed by the then OAU in 1969 (now AU). The country enacted its own Refugee Proclamation in 2004. The Proclamation embodies international refugee laws and principles. Of particular significance are the provisions under Article 21 of the proclamation which outline the rights and obligations of refugees in Ethiopia. The provisions of the refugee proclamation mainly promote the people to people relations between refugees, hosting communities and peoples of neighboring countries.
The Refugee Law:
– Guarantees the right to seek asylum
– Puts the legal framework for the government to avail land to set up a refugee camp( despite the environmental pressure it creates)
– Guarantees the physical safety and protection of refugees
– Stipulates refugee rights and responsibilities
– Respects the principle of non-refoulement (Non-refoulement is a key principle of refugee protection. It means that no person shall be refused entry in to or expelled to any other country or be subject to any similar measure if he may be subject to persecution on account of his race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion…