The term refugee is generally used to describe persons who are in need of international protection. As defined in the 1951 convention and 1967 protocol relating to the status of refugees, these persons have had to leave their country “owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion”. Refugees may also be individuals fleeing the indiscriminate effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, foreign aggression or other circumstances which seriously disturb public order as indicated in the 1969 OAU convention and the 1984 Cartagena declaration.
The applicability of the principle of Non-refoulement is a cardinal approach and what matters most with regard to people at risk of their lives. Refoulment is a principle that no person shall be refused entry in to or expelled to any other country or be subject to any similar measure if he may be subject to persecution.