ADMINISTRATION FOR REFUGEE AND RETURNEE AFFAIRS

ASSOSA REFUGEE PROGRAM COORDINATION OFFICE BRIEFING NOTE

Tongo Refugee Camp

March, 2018

Assosa

Ethiopia

  1. About Assosa Refugee Program Coordination Office

The protracted civil war in Sudan which is one of Africa’s longest and most destructive civil war has caused massive refugee outflows over the years into the neighboring countries in 1990s. Due to the influx Assosa Refugee Program Coordination Office was established as a liaison office to coordinate refugee assistance interventions and to facilitate the collaboration between UNHCR, UN Agencies and NGOs in 1997.

  1. Refugee Hosting Region

The Benishangul Gumuz region is located in the western part of Ethiopia. The region is bordering Sudan. The current total population of the region is estimated to be around 1,005,001. Around 92.5% of economically active population of the region is involved in agriculture, with shifting cultivation being the major source of livelihoods of the majority of the population. The region is endowed with different kinds of resources that have not yet been exploited to the maximum, including rivers, large cultivable land, minerals, forests (Bamboo, incense and gum trees), honey, fish and crops. According to Regional Bureau of Agriculture report (2016), the region endowed with 3,224,682 hectares of cultivable land, extensive grass lands and numerous irrigable rivers, and streams.

Currently the region is hosting around 63,000 refugees from South Sudan, Sudan and refugees from great lake regions. The Administration for Refugees and Returnees Affairs (ARRA), in coordination and cooperation with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), has been providing international protection and basic assistances for refugees and asylum seekers residing in five established refugee camps; Sherkole, Tsore, Bambasi, Tongo and Gure Shombola.

  1. People of Concern

Population Planning Group:

  • Refugees and asylum seekers mainly from Sudan in Western Ethiopia
  • Refugees and asylum seekers mainly from South Sudan in Western Ethiopia

Age Group

Male

Female

Total

in numbers

in %

in numbers

in %

in numbers

in %

0-4

6,473

10.43

6,144

9.92

12,617

20.36

5-17

13,651

22.03

11,244

18.15

24,895

40.18

18-59

11,754

18.97

11,043

17.83

22,797

36.79

60 & above

864

1.39

790

1.27

1654

2.67

Total:

32,742

52.84

29,221

47.16

61963

100

Major Sites:

Sherkole, Bambasi, Tongo, Tsore, Gure-Shombola and Ad-Damazin (TC)

As indicated on the above table, existing population is composed of 32,742 (52.84%) males and 29,221 (47.16%) females while children under 18 years constitute 37,511 (60.54%) of the total population. About 36.79% of the refugee population is between 18 and 59 years of age. Refugees who are above 60 years of age account for 1.27% of the total population. The average household size is 3.8, with a significant number of single male households. In terms of tribal composition, the refugee populations comprise Funju, Maban, Uduk, Nuer, Dinka and other ethnic groups including refugees from other countries. They came mainly from the Blue Nile, the Upper Nile and the Equatorial Regions of South Sudan and most of them are farmers and pastoralists.

  1. Location of Camps and Local Administrative Structures

Name of the Camps

Distnace from boarder

Total Refugee population

Date of establishment

Name of the woreda

Sherkole

50km

11826

1997

Homosha

Tsore

54km

14123

2013

Homosha

Bambasi

120km

17279

2012

Bambasi

Gure-Shombola

188km

4095

2017

Mao Komo Special Woreda

Tongo

210km

12076

2011

Mao Komo Special Woreda

AdDamazin

45km

2536

TC

Sherkole

  1. Implementation Arrangements

On the behalf of the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, the Administration for Refugee-Returnee Affairs (ARRA) has been diligently working its level best to ensure all IPs including itself to avail all entitlements to the refugees in a timely manner. In close co-operation with UNHCR, ARRA will provide the necessary supervision, guidance and support to all partners working in camps. The partners are:

  • World Food Program (WFP)
  • United Nations International Children Emergency Fund (UNICEF)
  • International Organization for Migration (IOM)
  • Action Against Hunger (AAH)
  • Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC)
  • Action for the Needy Ethiopia (ANE)
  • International Rescue Committee (IRC)
  • Save the Children International (SCI)
  • Plan International Ethiopia ( PIE)
  • Lutheran World Federation ( LWF)
  • Development and Inter Church Aid Commission (DICAC)
  • Rehabilitation and Development Organization (RaDO)
  • Natural Resource Development and Environmental Protection (NRDEP)
  • Gaia Association ( GAIA)
  • German Academic Refugee Initiative ( DAFI)
  1. The Role and Responsibilities of ARRA

Camp management

  • Provision of legal assistance for PoC
  • Maintaining camp security
  • Monitoring and coordination

Health and Nutrition Services

  • Provision of primary health care services
  • Provision of preventive and community based health care
  • Provision of institutional based RH and HIV services
  • Provision medical referral services
  • Capacity building/development on reproductive and HIV services
  • Implementation and monitoring of supplementary feeding programme
  • Provision of and monitoring of complementary food supplements
  • Famix- 200gm/day/person
  • Edible oil 20 gm/day/person
  • Sugar 15 gm /day/person

Education

  • Provision of primary education
  • Number of primary school students under ARRA primary schools are:

Camps

Namber of students

Male

Female

Total

Tongo

2246

1947

4193

Bambasi

3380

2440

5820

Tsore

2610

1229

3839

Sherkole

2004

1628

3632

Gure- Shombola

Total

10240

7244

17484

  • Provision of food for school meals

Food Item

Scale

Famix

100gm/day/person

Sugar

20gm/day/person

CRI

  • Distribution of CRIs e.g. Sleeping mats, jerry cans, buckets,

K. sets, blankets, and sanitary materials

Food and Cash Distribution

  • Food and cash distribution on monthly basis
  • distribution Scale

Item type

Ration scale/month /person

Camps

Sherkole & Tsore

Tongo & Bambasi

Gure-Shombola

Food

Cash

Food

Cash

Food

Cereals

8.5kg

60.00

3.5kg

120.00

13.5kg

Veg. oil

0.9kg

0.9kg

0.9kg

Pulse

1.5kg

1.5kg

1.5kg

Famix

1.5kg

1.5kg

1.5kg

Sugar

0.45kg

0.45kg

0.45kg

Salt

0.15kg

0.15kg

0.15kg